I. Goals and Objectives:
During this rotation, the PGY-2 will gain experience related to the evaluation and managmenet of all varieties of liver disease, complications of portal hypertension, as well as pre and post liver transplantation patient care (see below for specific areas to be addressed)
The program of the hepatology/liver transplantation (discipline) is designed to provide the house officer with the knowledge and skills needed to diagnose and treat diseases of the liver.
Patients are very diverse ethnically and socioeconomically, and are representative of the neighboring Montefiore communities.
The rotation consists of one block of 4 weeks. The rotating house office is not on call for the rotation. 24/7 coverage is provided by the liver transplantation PA’s. The rotation is available to all Internal Medicine pgy2s.
Residents work in teams under the supervision of the GI and Hepatology fellows and the Medical Hepatology/Surigcal Liver Transplantation Attending. The Hepatology Attending physician is responsible for supervision of all patient care.
B. Level based Rotation Goals and Objectives:
- Patient Care: Prioritize the daily “work”; recognize the relative significance of a given patient’s list of conditions; begin to recognize the acuity levels of illness; understand the indications, contraindications and risks of procedures; work with all providers to provide patient focused care.
- Medical Knowledge: Use literature and reference sources to increase knowledge base; demonstrate basic knowledge in the areas of underlying pathophysiology and the clinical aspects of disease states; apply knowledge in the treatment of patients.
- Professionalism: Establish trust with patients and staff; exhibit honesty, reliability and responsibility in patient care; demonstrate respect for patients and staff; work to fulfill the needs of patients; accept assignments graciously; attend conferences.
- Interpersonal Skills: Write understandable and legible notes and consultation reports; improve ability to listen to patients and staff and communicate verbally and nonverbally in a productive manner; work effectively as a member of the health care team.
- Practice Based Learning and Improvement: Understand limitations of knowledge; use references and literature to improve practice patterns; accept feedback and change behavior; ask for help when needed. Do not overstep responsibilities.
- System Based Practice: Learn to be an advocate for patients; accept and try to apply necessary devised guidelines; to develop understanding about the health care systems/structure and how it relates to patients requiring procedures.
II. AREAS COVERED DURING the ROTATION
SPECIFIC PROGRAM CONTENT
Prevention, evaluation and management of acute and chronic end stage liver disease (includes genetic disorders involving the liver, alcoholic and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis)
Comprehensive management of critically ill patients awaiting transplant with complications including:
Hepatopulmonary and portal pulmonary syndromes
Refractory portal hypertensive bleeding
Diagnosis and management of hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma including transplantation, non-transplantation, surgical and non-surgical approaches
Management of chronic viral hepatitis in the pre-, peri- and post-transplantation settings
Management of fulminant liver failure
Psychosocial evaluation of transplant candidates, in particular those with history of substance abuse
Transplant immunology including blood group matching, histocompatibility, tissue typing and malignant complications of immunosuppression
Interaction of drugs with the liver
Nutritional support of patients with liver disease
Use of interventional radiology in diagnosis and management of portal hypertension, as well as biliary and vascular complications
Ethical considerations relating to liver transplant donors
Indications, contraindications and complications of liver allograft biopsies
Appropriate use of ultrasound localized, laparoscopy-guided and transjugular liver biopsies
ROTATION DIDACTIC CONTENT
Pathogenesis, manifestations and complications of end-stage liver disease and hepatic transplantation
Appropriate use of laboratory tests and procedures
Anatomy, and physiology related to the liver and biliary tract
Pharmacology related to the liver and biliary tract
Pathology related to the liver and biliary tract
Molecular virology related to the liver and biliary tract
Natural history of chronic liver disease
Factors involved in nutrition and malnutrition and its management
Cost-effective use of special instruments, tests and therapy in the diagnosis and management of liver disorders
Principles and practice of pediatric liver transplantation
Principles and application of artificial liver support
Clinical research issues and transplant hepatology
Principles of living donor selection
III. SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES
1) Daily Morning rounds by Hepatology attending. These rounds include teaching sessions by the attending and the GI and Hepatology fellow. Distribution of literature.
2) Daily consultation rounds by attendings.
3) Division Grand Rounds Weekly
4) Pathology Rounds every other week
5) Literature review: Weekly
6) Liver Transplantation Selection Conference Weekly
7) Medical Grand Rounds – weekly
The entire Hepatology/Liver transplantation curriculum is available on line via the Montefiore Intranet.
V. METHODS OF TEACHING COMPENCY ASSESSMENT
The house officers are evaluated continuously during their four weeks of service in the rotation. Importantly, there is continuous feedback to the house officers. The final evaluation is done through www.new-innov.com and the results are discussed in a meeting with the house officers. They are evaluated in terms of their overall clinical competence with the following categories: clinical judgment, medical knowledge, clinical skills, humanistic qualities, professionalism, medical care and continuing scholarships.